CAT DI LR section has become increasingly tough beginning from 2015. DILR used to have distinct Data Interpretation sets and Logical reasoning puzzles. It used to be about computation and ability to read charts, graphs and tables for the Data Interpretation and Logical reasoning used to have Family tree, grid puzzles, arrangement, tournaments, cubes as some standard forms of puzzles.Since 2015 this pattern has been broken. With passing years, even the distinction between DI and LR has come down significantly. All you get in that one hour, are 8 high quality puzzles, with more than a few of them being significantly tough. Between CAT 2017 Question paper and CAT 2018 Question paper, you get to solve 32 actual CAT puzzles. This page intends to provide you just that. So, head on and crack those puzzles!

Fuel contamination levels at each of 20 petrol pumps P1, P2, …, P20 were recorded as either high, medium, or low.

1. Contamination levels at three pumps among P1 – P5 were recorded as high.

2. P6 was the only pump among P1 – P10 where the contamination level was recorded as low.

3. P7 and P8 were the only two consecutively numbered pumps where the same levels of contamination were recorded.

4. High contamination levels were not recorded at any of the pumps P16 – P20.

5. The number of pumps where high contamination levels were recorded was twice the number of pumps where low contamination levels were recorded.

Question 1 : Which of the following MUST be true?

- The contamination level at P12 was recorded as high.
- The contamination level at P20 was recorded as medium.
- The contamination level at P10 was recorded as high.
- The contamination level at P13 was recorded as low.

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We know that three of P1 to P5 are recorded as High. This means the other two should be M. So, let us fill this data in.

P7 and P8 are both same, so both could be H or both M. Let us try both. We put P7 and P8 in, P9 and P10 get filled automatically.

Let us fill in the totals as well.

The number of pumps where high contamination levels were recorded was twice the number of pumps where low contamination levels were recorded.

So, of the number of low contaminations were x, then the number of high contaminations would be 2x.

H + L = 3x {3, 6, 9, 12, 15, or 18} or, M should be from {2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17}

L + H is at least 5 so M cannot be 14 or 17. M cannot be 2 either. So, we can have M to be 5, 8 or 11.

So, we can have H, M, L to be {10, 5, 5} or {8, 8, 4} or {6, 11, 3}

There is no H in the P16 to P20 range, so total H cannot be 10. So, H, M, L being {10, 5, 5} can be ruled out.

So, we can have H, M, L to be {8, 8, 4} or {6, 11, 3}.

We cannot have more than 5 M’s in the range from P16 to P20.

So, we now know that {6, 11, 3} is also ruled out. So H, M, L has to be {8, 8, 4}.

We know that in the first 10 pipes we could have has H, M, L could have been {6, 3, 1} or {4, 5, 1}

So, H, M, L for the last 10 should be {2, 5, 3} or {4, 3, 3}. Since there is no H in the first 5 pipes, we cannot have 4 H in the P16 to P20 range.

So, we need to have only {6, 3, 1} in the first range.

The last 10 pipes should have H, M, L to be {2, 5, 3}.

High contamination levels were not recorded at any of the pumps P16 – P20. So, the last 5 should be either MLMLM or LMLML.

If the last 5 were LMLML, then we would not have one more L for P11 to P15. So, P11 to P15 should be MHMHM. Now, let us fine-tune this.

We know that P11 cannot be H otherwise P10- and P11 would be H.

So, we need to accommodate 2 H’s in the P12 to P15 range.

We could have them at P12 and P14, P12 and P15 and P13 and P15.

If P15 were not H, it has to be L. So, we can fill the first column completely.

P12 need not have been high. Choice A need not be true.

P20 could have been L, so Choice B is also out.

P10 was high. This is indeed true.

P13 need not have been low.

Choice C is true.

The question is **"Which of the following MUST be true?" **

Choice C is the correct answer.

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