IIFT 2023 Question Paper | IIFT VARC

IIFT Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension | IIFT 2023 Question Paper

The best way to boost your IIFT prep is to practice the actual IIFT Question Papers. 2IIM offers you exactly that, in a student friendly format to take value from this. In the 2023 IIFT, VARC were a mixed bag of questions of varying difficulty, with some routine questions and the others were very demanding. Some beautiful questions that laid emphasis on Learning ideas from basics and being able to comprehend more than remembering gazillion formulae and shortcuts.

    Read the following Passage and Answer the questions given below:

    You absolutely must develop feelings of self-esteem and confidence to become empowered. No amount of willpower can surmount the feeling of defeatism. Any negative thoughts will filter into your subconscious mind, which does not question or analyse the data it receives. If you have experienced repeated failure in past attempts to change a behaviour pattern, your total self-image becomes established and fixed as one of failure. You become so convinced that you are incapable of reversing this trend that you eventually stop picturing a desirable goal for yourself. You resign yourself to accepting the current situation as being permanent and helpless.

    A positive self-image must be fed into your subconscious mind without being evaluated by the critical factor of your conscious mind proper (defence mechanisms). The most efficient and effective method of accomplishing this goal is by practicing self-hypnosis.

    Although many obstacles may arise during your consciousness raising program, the proper use of self-programming will transform these former roadblocks into stepping-stones of success. Once you envision succeeding in your goals, former difficulties disappear, and the subconscious becomes your chief ally in strengthening your ability to meet challenges.

    The subconscious mind contains all memories. It is a natural computer and is continually being programmed with data originating from the conscious mind proper. The subconscious cannot alter this data; however, it does direct the conscious mind to act in a specific way. The conscious mind is always resistant to change, any change, even if it is for the better. The conscious mind likes business as usual. Consciousness raising and behavioural changes are not business as usual; therefore, the conscious mind is your only enemy.

    By seeing yourself as you desire to be, you are reprogramming your subconscious computer. This does not require a critical acceptance, because your subconscious is incapable of analytical thought. Accompanying this visualization will be a feeling that you have already attained this goal. This as-if approach is remarkably successful.

    Once you achieve a particular goal using the subconscious mind, the maintenance of this goal will be effortless. When something attempts to interfere with the proper functioning of the reprogrammed subconscious, your internal computer will recognize the error immediately, and it will be corrected by this feedback mechanism.

    Your initial efforts in reprogramming the subconscious require a certain amount of mental training, which encompasses all new goals and aspirations. Daily practice of the exercises self-hypnosis, yoga, hetero-hypnosis, and trance results in a permanent reprogramming of the subconscious computer and a spontaneous incorporation of this goal. Willpower is neither necessary nor desirable for this paradigm. This is one example of raising consciousness.

    Your imagination can create a new mental image of yourself. If you have properly implanted the subconscious with positive images and suggestions, you automatically alter your behaviour to act in accordance with this new programming. A new sense of well-being and accomplishment accompany this pattern of behaviour. You will be able to feel this sense of confidence and empowerment for prolonged periods following additional practice sessions.

    Willpower alone cannot result in permanent changes in behaviour. The problem with the willpower approach is that you are consciously placing too much emphasis on past failures. As a result, your mental mind-set is not conducive to improvement, and subsequent efforts prove only more frustrating. Success in applying consciousness-raising techniques depends on the subconscious mind's uncritical acceptance of constructive suggestions. Thus, the most effective method of achieving this is through the use of self-hypnosis.

  1. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    To change one's mind from 'negativity' to 'positivity' or to change one's behaviour permanently, which of the following is the most effective way?

    1. Unanalytical acceptance of inefficacious suggestions.
    2. Analytical acceptance of productive suggestions.
    3. Critical acceptance of uncritical suggestions.
    4. Uncritical acceptance of positive images and suggestions.

  2. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    What is the most effective way to permanently reprogram one's subconscious mind?

    1. Daily practice of yoga, self-hypnosis with targeted goal
    2. Strong willpower
    3. Feeding positive self-image in conscious mind
    4. Constant efforts

  3. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Which of the following about 'using willpower to bring permanent changes in behaviour' is not correct according to passage?

    1. Willpower purposely places excessive importance on past failures.
    2. Willpower established on past failures makes one's mental mind-set non conducive to improvements.
    3. Willpower leads to establishing one's total self-image as a failure.
    4. Willpower is non-essential for raising consciousness.

  4. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    According to passage, the subconscious mind....:

    1. questions or analyzes the data it receives and eventually stops one from picturing a desirable goal for oneself.
    2. captures negative thoughts instantly leading one to accept his/her current situation as being permanent or helpless.
    3. is programmed by data from the conscious mind proper which is the only enemy that is always resistant to change.
    4. can be reprogrammed by feeding positive self-image into ones subconscious mind through critical acceptance of the evaluations of the conscious mind proper.

  5. Read the following Passage and Answer the questions given below:

    Widespread currency manipulation, mainly in developing and newly industrialized economies, is the most important development of the past decade in international financial markets. In an attempt to hold-down the values of their currencies, governments are distorting capital flows by around \(\$ 1.5\) trillion per year. The result is a net drain on aggregate demand in the United States and the Euro area by an amount roughly equal to the large output gaps in the United States and the Euro area. In other words, millions more Americans and Europeans would be employed if other countries did not manipulate their currencies and instead achieved sustainable growth through higher domestic demand.

    The United States has lost 1 million to 5 million jobs due to this foreign currency manipulation. More than 20 countries have increased their aggregate foreign exchange reserves and other official foreign assets by an annual average of nearly \(\$ 1.5\) trillion in recent years. This build-up of official assets - mainly through intervention in the foreign exchange markets; keeps the currencies of the interveners substantially undervalued, thus boosting their international competitiveness and trade surpluses. The corresponding trade deficits are spread around the world, but the largest share of the loss centres on the United States, whose trade deficit has increased by \(\$ 200\) billion to \(\$ 500\) billion per year as a result.

    The United States must tighten fiscal policy over the coming decade to bring its national debt under control. Monetary policy has already exhausted most of its expansionary potential. Hence the United States must eliminate or at least sharply reduce its large trade deficit to accelerate growth and restore full employment. The way to do so, at no cost to the US budget, is to insist that other countries stop manipulating their currencies and permit the dollar to regain a competitive level. This can be done through steps fully consistent with the international obligations of the United States that are indeed based on existing International Monetary Fund (IMF) guidelines.

    Such a strategy should in fact attract considerable support from other countries that are adversely affected by the manipulation, including Australia, Canada, the euro area, Brazil, India, Mexico, and a number of other developing economies. The strategy would aim to fill a major gap in the existing international financial architecture: its inability to engage surplus countries, even when they blatantly violate the legal strictures against competitive currency undervaluation, in an equitable sharing of global rebalancing requirements.

    The United States and its allies should first seek voluntary agreement from the manipulators to sharply reduce or eliminate their intervention. The United States should inform the manipulators that if they do not do so, the United States will adopt four new policy measures against their currency activities. First, it will undertake countervailing currency intervention (CCI) against countries with convertible currencies by buying amounts of their currencies equal to the amounts of dollars they are buying themselves, to neutralize the impact on exchange rates. Second, it will tax the earnings on, or restrict further purchases of, dollar assets acquired by intervening countries with inconvertible currencies (where CCI could therefore not be fully effective) to penalize them for building up these positions. Third, it will hereafter treat manipulated exchange rates as export subsidies for purposes of levying countervailing import duties. Fourth, hopefully with a number of other adversely affected countries, it will bring a case against the manipulators in the World Trade Organization (WTO) that would authorize more wide-ranging trade retaliation.

  6. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    The term "currency manipulation" by the developing and newly industrialized economies as mentioned in the passage can be explained as

    1. Buying and selling the currencies of friendly countries to hold-down the value of domestic currency.
    2. Keeping the relative value of developing and newly industrialized economies' currency depreciated via various kinds of financial instruments.
    3. Keeping the relative value of developing and newly industrialized economies' currency pegged to the market forces, i.e. demand and supplies of currency in the foreign exchange markets.
    4. Keeping the relative value of developed countries' currency always appreciated via various kinds of financial instruments.

  7. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    What do you comprehend from the sentence "the result is a net drain on aggregate demand in the United States and the Euro area"?

    1. Refers to inflationary pressures thus reducing the purchasing power of the customers of the United States and the Euro area which results in reduced aggregate demand.
    2. Refers to fiscal deficit coupled with trade deficit thus causing "twin-deficit" which weaken customer's confidence thus leading to reduction in aggregate demand.
    3. Refers to export competitiveness of developing and newly industrialized countries in the markets of the United States and the euro area.
    4. Refers to loss of economic, commercial, financial and business opportunities in the United States and the Euro area.

  8. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    What kind of retaliatory action is most likely to be taken by the United States against the manipulator countries which have convertible currency?

    1. Imposing higher rate of import duties and possibly import restrictions also.
    2. Treating the currency manipulation as the export subsidy.
    3. Undertaking the countervailing currency intervention.
    4. Reporting the case of currency manipulator(s) to the World Trade Organization to get authorization for plethora of retaliatory trade measures.

  9. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Based on the learnings from the passage, which of the following statement is not false?

    1. The United States of America (USA) and the Euro area may not be able to significantly enhance the employment opportunities in their country/ region provided the other countries do not, intentionally and artificially, manipulate their currencies to their advantage.
    2. As the US has exhausted the monetary policy tools, it can leverage extra ordinary banking policy instruments to reduce its current account deficit and can create millions of domestic job opportunities.
    3. Imposition of countervailing import duties against countries which manipulate its exchange rates.
    4. As a result of currency manipulation, there is trade deficit witnessed by countries across the world but the United States of America and the European Union are notable exception.

  10. Read the following Passage and Answer the questions given below:

    The international economy almost certainly will continue to be characterized by various regional and national economies moving at significantly different speeds, a pattern reinforced by the 2008 global financial crisis. The contrasting speed across different regional economies are exacerbating global imbalances and straining governments and the international system. The key question is whether the divergences and increased volatility will result in a global breakdown and collapse or whether the development of multiple growth centres will lead to resiliency. The absence of a clear hegemonic economic power could add to the volatility. Some experts have compared the relative decline in the economic weight of the US to the late 19th century when economic dominance by one player, Britain; receded into multi-polarity.

    During the next 15-20 years, as power becomes even more diffuse than today, a growing number of diverse state and non-state actors, as well as subnational actors, such as cities, will play important governance roles. The increasing number of players needed to solve major transnational challenges, and their discordant values, will complicate decision-making. The lack of consensus between and among established and emerging powers suggests that multilateral governance to 2030 will be limited at best. The chronic deficit probably will reinforce the trend toward fragmentation. However, various developments, positive or negative; could push the world in different directions. Advances cannot be ruled out despite growing multi-polarity, increased regionalism, and possible economic slowdowns. Prospects for achieving progress on global issues will vary across issues.

    The governance gap will continue to be most pronounced at the domestic level and driven by rapid political and social changes. The advances during the past couple decades in health, education, and income-which we expect to continue, if not accelerate in some cases; will drive new governance structures. Transitions to democracy are much more stable and long-lasting when youth bulges begin to decline and incomes are higher. Currently about 50 countries are in the awkward stage between autocracy and democracy, with the greatest number concentrated in Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast and Central Asia, and the Middle East and North Africa. Both social science theory and recent history, the Color Revolutions and the Arab Spring, support the idea that with maturing age structures and rising incomes, political liberalization and democracy will advance. However, many countries will still be zig-zagging their way through the complicated democratization process during the next 15-20 years. Countries moving from autocracy to democracy have a proven track record of instability.

    Other countries will continue to suffer from a democratic deficit: in these cases a country's developmental level is more advanced than its level of governance. Gulf countries and China account for a large number in this category. China, for example, is slated to pass the threshold of US \(\$ 15,000\) per capita purchasing power parity (PPP) in the next five years, which is often a trigger for democratization. Chinese democratization could constitute an immense "wave," increasing pressure for change on other authoritarian states.

    The widespread use of new communications technologies will become a double-edged sword for governance. On the one hand, social networking will enable citizens to coalesce and challenge governments, as we have already seen in Middle East. On the other hand, such technologies will provide governments; both authoritarian and democratic; an unprecedented ability to monitor their citizens. It is unclear how the balance will be struck between greater IT-enabled individuals and networks and traditional political structures. In our interactions, technologists and political scientists have offered divergent views. Both sides agree, however, that the characteristics of IT use; multiple and simultaneous action, near instantaneous responses, mass organization across geographic boundaries, and technological dependence; increase the potential for more frequent discontinuous change in the international system.

  11. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    According to the passage, which of the following is not a notable cause of multi-polarity?

    1. Enhanced volatility due to absence of hegemonic economic power.
    2. Uneven economic growth in the world of national and regional economies.
    3. Ever-bourgeoning global imbalances caused by diverging speed of economic growth nationally and regionally.
    4. Wavering, atypical and conflicting global economic growth acting as a catalyst of global economic break-down and collapse.

  12. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    According to passage, which of the following will cause chronic deficit in multilateral governance?

    1. Growing multi-polarity as the nations will have different political and ideological orientations.
    2. The decentralized decision structures of diverse states and non-state actors, internationally, nationally and sub-nationally, thus emanating a discordant value in decision making.
    3. Increased regionalism which is result of ever-proliferating number of Free Trade Agreement(s)/ Preferential Trade Agreement(s).
    4. Possible economic slowdown which is an outcome of economic sanctions, high energy prices and supply-chain disruptions.

  13. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    According to passage, which of the following is/are not a trigger(s) for democratization?

    I. Maturing age structure
    II. Rising income
    III. Rising Human Development Index
    IV. Religious beliefs

    1. Only I & III
    2. Only III & IV
    3. Only I & IV
    4. Only II & III

  14. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    According to passage, the widespread use of communication technologies will lead to ....?

    1. Recurrent yet non-continuous changes in the international system.
    2. Maturing of process of democratization in higher income countries.
    3. Strengthening the political and social governance thus offering the basic social services at doorsteps of the citizens.
    4. Enhanced disharmony and socio-economic movements including civil disobedience.

  15. Read the following Passage and Answer the questions given below:

    Nine years ago, when Japan was beating America's brains out in the auto industry, I wrote a column about playing the computer geography game Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? with my then nine-year-old daughter, Orly. I was trying to help her by giving her a clue suggesting that Carmen had gone to Detroit, so I asked her, "Where are cars made?" And without missing a beat she answered, "Japan."
    Ouch!

    Well, I was reminded of that story while visiting Global Edge, an Indian software design firm in Bangalore. The company's marketing manager, Rajesh Rao, told me that he had just made a cold call to the VP for engineering of a U.S. company, trying to drum up business. As soon as Mr. Rao introduced himself as calling from an Indian software firm, the U.S. executive said to him, "Namaste," a common Hindi greeting. Said Mr. Rao, "A few years ago nobody in America wanted to talk to us. Now they are eager." And a few even know how to say hello in proper Hindu fashion. So now I wonder: If I have a granddaughter one day, and I tell her I'm going to India, will she say, "Grandpa, is that where software comes from?"

    No, not yet, honey. Every new product-from software to widgets - goes through a cycle that begins with basic research, then applied research, then incubation, then development, then testing, then manufacturing, then deployment, then support, then continuation engineering in order to add improvements. Each of these phases is specialized and unique, and neither India nor China nor Russia has a critical mass of talent that can handle the whole product cycle for a big American multinational. But these countries are steadily developing their research and development capabilities to handle more and more of these phases. As that continues, we really will see the beginning of what Satyam Cherukuri, of Sarnoff, an American research and development firm, has called "the globalization of innovation" and an end to the old model of a single American or European multinational handling all the elements of the product development cycle from its own resources. More and more American and European companies are outsourcing significant research and development tasks to India, Russia, and China.

    According to the information technology office of the state government in Karnataka, where Bangalore is located, Indian units of Cisco Systems, Intel, IBM, Texas Instruments, and GE have already filed a thousand patent applications with the U.S. Patent Office. Texas Instruments alone has had 225 U.S. patents awarded to its Indian operation. "The Intel team in Bangalore is developing microprocessor chips for high-speed broadband wireless technology, to be launched in 2006," the Karnataka IT office said, in a statement issued at the end of 2004, and "at GE's John F. Welch Technology Centre in Bangalore, engineers are developing new ideas for aircraft engines, transport systems and plastics." Indeed, GE over the years has frequently transferred Indian engineers who worked for it in the United States back to India to integrate its whole global research effort. GE now even sends non-Indians to Bangalore. Vivek Paul is the president of Wipro Technologies, another of the elite Indian technology companies, but he is based in Silicon Valley to be close to Wipro's American customers. Before coming to Wipro, Paul managed GE's CAT scanner business out of Milwaukee. At the time he had a French colleague who managed GE's power generator business for the scanners out of France.

    "I ran into him on an airplane recently," said Paul, "and he told me he had moved to India to head up GE's high-energy research there."

    I told Vivek that I love hearing an Indian who used to head up GE's CT business in Milwaukee but now runs Wipro's consulting business in Silicon Valley tell me about his former French colleague who has moved to Bangalore to work for GE. That is a flat world.

  16. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    According to the passage, which of the following is correct:

    1. American and European countries are outsourcing significant research and development tasks to India, China and Russia because the latter are not capable of handling the other aspects of a product cycle for a big American multinational.
    2. As the countries like India, China and Russia would handle more and more of product development cycle phases through developed research and development capabilities, we will see the beginning of 'the globalization of innovation'.
    3. American or European multinationals outsource significant research and development tasks to India, Russia, and China as the former are unable to handle all the elements of product development cycle from their own resources.
    4. As the countries like India, China and Russia are steadily developing their research and development capabilities to handle more and more of new product development phases, this would deter American or European multinational from handling all the elements of the product development cycle from its own resources.

  17. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    According to the passage, which of the following is correct:

    1. Mr. Rao's unsolicited phone call to the VP for engineering of a U.S. company, in an effort to bring about some business, was ignored.
    2. Americans earlier did not know how to say hello in proper Hindu fashion.
    3. Orly's initial reply to the question 'Where are cars made?' was not what the narrator/author had wanted/expected her to answer.
    4. The author wishes to be able to tell her granddaughter someday that all the software comes from India.

  18. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    With reference to passage, 'That is a flat world' can be best described to mean:

    1. The world is literally flat
    2. A metaphor for viewing the world as a level playing field in terms of business.
    3. The next phase of globalization
    4. Measuring businesses purely by the amount of innovations they make

  19. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    The central idea of the passage is:

    1. Flying allows people from diverse business backgrounds to meet and interact with each other without regard to geography or distance.
    2. Convergence of technological and other forces allows businesses to connect and collaborate with each other irrespective of geography or distance, empowering more and more companies to reach farther, faster, and deeper than ever before.
    3. India, Russia and China are on the verge of becoming global powers.
    4. A large number of Indian operations have started filing patent applications with the U.S. Patent Office indicating the progress of India and other such countries (like Russia or China) in doing business.

  20. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    \( \begin{array}{l} \text { Match the word with its correct meaning: }\\ \begin{array}{|c|l|c|l|} \hline \text { S.No. } & \text { Word } & \text { S.No. } &\text { Meaning } \\ \hline \text { i. } & \text { Flotsam } & \text { a. } & \begin{array}{l} \text { people with common interests who do } \\ \text { things together in a small group and do } \\ \text { not like to include others } \end{array} \\ \hline \text { ii. } & \text { Coterie } & \text { b. } & \text { insolent or impertinent behaviour } \\ \hline \text { iii. } & \text { Insouciant } & \text { c. } & \text { not easily made angry or upset } \\ \hline \text { iv. } & \text { Effrontery } & \text { d. } & \text { showing a casual lack of concern } \\ \hline \text { v. } & \text { Phlegmatic } & \text { e } & \begin{array}{l} \text { people or things that have been rejected } \\ \text { or discarded as worthless } \end{array} \\ \hline \end{array} \end{array} \)

    1. i - e; ii - b; iii - c; iv - a; \( v - d \)
    2. i - c; ii - a; iii - b; iv - e; \( v - d \)
    3. i - e; ii - a; iii-d; iv -b;v-c
    4. i - d; ii - c; iii - e; iv - b; v - a

  21. For the given idiom, identify the correct meaning:

  22. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Bring someone to book

    1. punish someone or make somebody to account for something he/she has done wrong.
    2. to do something in strict accordance with rules or regulations.
    3. something that one doesn't understand or know anything about.
    4. punish someone for keeping the book in a bad condition, with torn pages, etc.

  23. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Irons in the fire

    1. being attacked and criticized heavily.
    2. the trouble will break-out.
    3. work or function at a peak level of performance.
    4. to have several different activities or projects in progress at the same time.

  24. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Fish out of water

    1. something or someone that doesn't really fit into any one group.
    2. getting uncomfortable because a person is in an unusual or unfamiliar situation.
    3. a difficult problem or situation.
    4. a person who seems unfriendly and does not share his/her feelings.

  25. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to form a meaningful paragraph:

    Conflict is a great clarifier; in a conflict, the opposing ____(i)____ not only come to a better understanding of each other's arguments but are forced to reflect on the ____(ii)____ and clarity of their own beliefs. Conflict prevents one from becoming ____(iii)____ into thinking that there is only one truth. It also serves as a powerful antidote against intellectual sterility and decline, since it encourages the ____(iv)____ adjustment and refinement of competing positions.

    1. (i) Antagonists, (ii) cogency, (iii) bewitched, (iv) dialectical
    2. (i) Contacts, (ii) weakness, (iii) hexed, (iv) formal
    3. (i) Ally, (ii) vagueness, (iii) enchanted, (iv) learned
    4. (i) Protagonists, (ii) illogicality, (iii) enamoured, (iv) teleological

  26. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Certain foreign words are frequently used in English language. Identify the option with the correct origin of the given words:

    I. Hoi polloi
    II. Vox populi
    III. A cappella
    IV. Prima donna
    V. Noblesse oblige

    1. Only II and IV are Latin
    2. Only III and V are French
    3. Only I is not Greek
    4. Only III and IV are Italian

  27. For the meaning given in the question, choose the most appropriate and expressive adjective from the options:

  28. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Meaning: form of long-standing habit; long-accustomed, deeply habituated

    1. inveterate
    2. notorious
    3. congenital
    4. glib

  29. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Meaning: outstandingly bad or vicious

    1. salubrious
    2. chronic
    3. egregious
    4. opprobrious

  30. For the given root/suffix, identify its meaning:

  31. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Suffix: '-escent' as used in the context of word 'senescent'

    1. To write
    2. Bad, harsh
    3. Beauty
    4. Growing, becoming

  32. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Root: 'agōgos' as used in the context of word 'demagogue'

    1. Science, study
    2. Leading
    3. Mind, soul, spirit
    4. Marriage

  33. Identify the Antonym for the given word:

  34. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    VENAL

    1. Avaricious
    2. Mercenary
    3. Untrustworthy
    4. Incorruptible

  35. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    LACONIC

    1. Compendious
    2. Aphoristic
    3. Pleonastic
    4. Apothegmatic

  36. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Identify the misspelled word:

    1. INEQUITOUS
    2. RETICENCE
    3. TACITURNITY
    4. MARTINET

  37. Identify the option to which the collective noun given in the question does not apply:

  38. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Collective Noun: shoal

    1. Bass
    2. Herrings
    3. Pilchards
    4. Gnats

  39. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Collective Noun: herd

    1. Chamois
    2. Gulls
    3. Walruses
    4. Wrens

  40. Identify one word for the description given in question:

  41. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    A state whose power derives from its naval or commercial supremacy on the seas.

    1. Neocracy
    2. Kakistocracy
    3. Plutocracy
    4. Thalassocracy

  42. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    One who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field.

    1. Vi1tuoso
    2. Uxorious
    3. Termagant
    4. Indefatigable

  43. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    Use the words in the table below to solve the questions:

    \( \begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|} \hline i) & Zwieback & ii) & Ligneous & iii) & Antiphon & iv) & Decrepit \\ \hline v) & Ypsiloid & vi) & Filibuster & vii) & Incendiary & viii) & Inveigle \\ \hline ix) & Whodunits & x) & Abasedly & xi) & Yack away & xii) & Gossamer \\ \hline xiii) & Abaction & xiv) & Cognovit & xv) & Imbroglio & xvi) & Volacious \\ \hline xvii) & Abearing & xviii) & Zugzwanged & xix) & Shemozzles & & \\ \hline \end{array} \)

    Complete the crossword using the words from above table. There are more words in the table than required.

    Down:
    3. A situation that is complicated, confusing or embarrassing, especially a political or public one;
    8. (used about a thing or person) old and in very bad condition or poor health

    Across:
    2. That causes a fire;
    7. Persuade (someone) to do something by means of deception or flattery;

    Crossword

    1. 3 Down - ix) ; 8 Down - i) ; 2 Across - vii) ; 7 Across - ii)
    2. 3 Down - xi) ; 8 Down - iv); 2 Across - vi); 7 Across - xii)
    3. 3 Down - xvi); 8 Down - iii) ; 2 Across - xix) ; 7 Across - ii)
    4. 3 Down - xv) ; 8 Down - iv) ; 2 Across - vii) ; 7 Across - viii)

  44. IIFT 2023 Question Paper VARC

    The question has explained the meaning of two words from the given table. Identify the correct matching words from the table.
    \( \begin{array}{|l|l|l|l|l|l|l|l|} \hline i) & Zwieback & ii) & Ligneous & iii) & Antiphon & iv) & Decrepit \\ \hline v) & Ypsiloid & vi) & Filibuster & vii) & Incendiary & viii) & Inveigle \\ \hline ix) & Whodunits & x ) & Abasedly & xi) & Yack away & xii) & Gossamer \\ \hline xiii) & Abaction & xiv) & Cognovit & xv) & Imbroglio & xvi) & Volacious \\ \hline xvii) & Abearing & xviii) & Zugzwanged & xix) & Shemozzles & & \\ \hline \end{array} \)
    a) A story or play about a murderer in which the identity of the murderer is not revealed until the end
    b) able or fit to fly

    1. a) \( - \mathrm { ix } ) \); b) - xvi)
    2. a) \( - \mathrm { xi } ) \); b) \( - \mathrm { ix } ) \)
    3. a) \( - x v ) ; \) b) \( - x v i ) \)
    4. a) \( - x \mathrm { xv } ; \); b) \( - \mathrm { xi } ) \)

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