CAT 2018 Question Paper | Verbal Slot 1

CAT Previous Year Paper | CAT VARC Questions | Question 29

Para Summary is a part of Verbal Ability in the VARC section. This is like a Mini-RC that requires a complete understanding of the paragraph given. Reading is the only way to master these types of questions in your CAT Exam. This question from VA does have negative marking, so if you are going to attempt these questions make sure you attempt it with maximum confidence. Start your CAT Online Preparation today by solving the questions from CAT Previous Year Paper.


The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author's position

Question 29 : Artificial embryo twinning is a relatively low-tech way to make clones. As the name suggests, this technique mimics the natural process that creates identical twins. In nature, twins form very early in development when the embryo splits in two. Twinning happens in the first days after egg and sperm join, while the embryo is made of just a small number of unspecialized cells. Each half of the embryo continues dividing on its own, ultimately developing into separate, complete individuals. Since they developed from the same fertilized egg, the resulting individuals are genetically identical.

  1. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and mimetic of the natural development of genetically identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.
  2. Artificial embryo twinning is just like the natural development of twins, where during fertilization twins are formed.
  3. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech unlike the natural development of identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.
  4. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and is close to the natural development of twins where the embryo splits into two identical twins.

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Explanatory Answer

The paragraph states that artificial embryo twinning is relatively low-tech and that it mimics the natural twinning process, where in the first days after fertilization, the embryo splits into two genetically identical individuals. Option 1 simply rephrases this.

Option 3 is clearly incorrect, as it states that artificial embryo twinning is unlike natural twinning. Option 2 is incorrect, as it states that twins are formed during fertilization. Option 4 is a bit vague and not as precise as option 1.


Choice A is the correct answer.

 

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