CAT 2018 Question Paper | Verbal Slot 1

CAT Previous Year Paper | CAT VARC Questions | Question 30

Para Summary is a part of VA in the VARC section. It becomes tricky because the options are super-confusing and require the skill of finding a flaw in the incorrect options. Reading is the only way to master these types of questions in your CAT Exam. This question from VA does have negative marking, so be sure of your answer when you are attempting this. Start your CAT Online Preparation today by solving the questions from CAT Previous Year Paper.


The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author's position

Question 30 : Production and legitimation of scientific knowledge can be approached from a number of perspectives. To study knowledge production from the sociology of professions perspective would mean a focus on the institutionalization of a body of knowledge. The professions-approach informed earlier research on managerial occupation, business schools and management knowledge. It however tends to reify institutional power structures in its understanding of the links between knowledge and authority. Knowledge production is restricted in the perspective to the selected members of the professional community, most notably to the university faculties and professional colleges. Power is understood as a negative mechanism, which prevents the nonprofessional actors from offering their ideas and information as legitimate knowledge.

  1. The study of knowledge production can be done through many perspectives.
  2. The professions-approach has been one of the most relied upon perspective in the study of management knowledge production.
  3. Professions-approach aims at the institutionalisation of knowledge but restricts knowledge production as a function of a select few.
  4. Professions-approach focuses on the creation of institutions of higher education and disciplines to promote knowledge production

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Explanatory Answer

Option 3 sums up all the key ideas in the paragraph: 'To study knowledge production from....professions perspective would mean a focus on the institutionalization of a body of knowledge... however tends to reify institutional power structures...knowledge production is restricted in the perspective to the selected members of the professional community'.

Option 1 rephrases the first line of the paragraph; it does not summarize the paragraph. Option 3 calls the professions approach ‘one of the most relied upon perspective in the study of management knowledge production’. There is no evidence in the paragraph to support this.­ Option 4 is also not supported by the paragraph. The paragraph only states that the professions approach researches managerial occupation, business schools and management knowledge. It does not talk of the creation of institutions of higher education and disciplines.


Choice C is the correct answer.

 

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