CAT 2018 Question Paper | Verbal Slot 2

CAT Previous Year Paper | CAT VARC Questions | Question 28

Sentence rearrangement or Para Jumbles is one of the easiest as well as the trickiest part that you could face in the CAT exam. Usually, questions like this feel to be easier because you can connect the 4 options into a group of two, however grouping those two into one is where the trickier part comes into picture. Basically, you must pick 1 out of 24 possibilities.
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The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, and 4) given below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequence of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.

Question 28 : 1. In the era of smart world, however, ‘Universal Basic Income’ is an ineffective instrument which cannot address the potential breakdown of the social contract when large swathes of the population would effectively be unemployed.
2. In the era of industrial revolution, the abolition of child labour, poor laws and the growth of trade unions helped families cope with the pressures of mechanised work.
3. Growing inequality could be matched by a creeping authoritarianism that is bolstered by technology that is increasingly able to peer into the deepest vestiges of our lives.
4. New institutions emerge which recognise ways in which workers could contribute to and benefit by economic growth when, rather than if, their jobs are automated.

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Explanatory Answer

21 is a link, as these sentences contrast the situation in 2 different eras. 3 follows 1, as the ‘growing inequality’ mentioned in 3 relates to ‘large swathes of the population would effectively be unemployed’ in 1. So, we have the sequence 213.

Still, though 21 is a sequence, 2 is about a set of factors that helped families cope with mechanized work, while 1 is about a completely different idea : universal basic income. How these ideas are linked together is explained in 4: in every era, new institutions emerge which recognise ways in which workers could contribute to and benefit by economic growth when their jobs are automated. So, 4 states the overarching idea and precedes 2 and 1. Hence, 4213 is the correct order.

4213 is the correct answer.


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