CAT 2018 Question Paper | CAT LR DI

CAT Previous Year Paper | CAT DILR | Set 8

CAT DI LR section has become increasingly tough beginning from 2015. DILR used to have distinct Data Interpretation sets and Logical reasoning puzzles. It used to be about computation and ability to read charts, graphs and tables for the Data Interpretation and Logical reasoning used to have Family tree, grid puzzles, arrangement, tournaments, cubes as some standard forms of puzzles.Since 2015 this pattern has been broken. With passing years, even the distinction between DI and LR has come down significantly. All you get in that one hour, are 8 high quality puzzles, with more than a few of them being significantly tough. Between CAT 2017 Question paper and CAT 2018 Question paper, you get to solve 32 actual CAT puzzles. This page intends to provide you just that. So, head on and crack those puzzles!

CAT DILR : CAT 2018 Question Paper Slot 1

Set 8 : Committees

Twenty four people are part of three committees which are to look at research, teaching, and administration respectively. No two committees have any member in common. No two committees are of the same size. Each committee has three types of people: bureaucrats, educationalists, and politicians, with at least one from each of the three types in each committee. The following facts are also known about the committees:

1. The numbers of bureaucrats in the research and teaching committees are equal, while the number of bureaucrats in the research committee is 75% of the number of bureaucrats in the administration committee.
2. The number of educationalists in the teaching committee is less than the number of educationalists in the research committee. The number of educationalists in the research committee is the average of the numbers of educationalists in the other two committees.
3. 60% of the politicians are in the administration committee, and 20% are in the teaching committee.

Question 3 : What is the number of educationalists in the research committee? [TITA]


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Explanatory Answer

Method of solving this CAT Question on CAT DILR

CAT DI LR 2018 Slot 1
CAT DI LR 2018 Slot 1
The number of bureaucrats in the research committee is 75% of the number of bureaucrats in the administration committee i.e.
The ratio of number of bureaucrats in Research to Admin is 3 : 4.
Number of bureaucrats in Research and Teaching are equal. So, Research : Teaching : Admin = 3 : 3 : 4.
CAT DI LR 2018 Slot 1
The number of politicians in research, teaching and Admin are 20%, 20% and 60% or, the ratio should of number of politicians is 1 : 1 : 3.
CAT DI LR 2018 Slot 1
The number of educationalists in the teaching committee is less than the number of educationalists in the research committee.
The number of educationalists in the research committee is the average of the numbers of educationalists in the other two committees.
If number of educationalists in teaching = a, and in Admin = b, then Research = \\frac{a + b}{2}). a < b.
CAT DI LR 2018 Slot 1
Now, we know that Number of Educationalists doing research is the average of Educationalists in Teaching and Admin or, the number of educationalists in Teaching, Research and Admin are in AP or, the sum of the three numbers should be a multiple of 3.
Let us look at the totals.
Number of Bureaucrats is a multiple of 10 – it should be 10 or 20
Number of Educationalists is a multiple of 3 – it should be 3, 6, 9, 12,..
Number of Politicians is a multiple of 5 – it should be 5, 10, 15, 20,..
We have at least one from each of the three types from each of the committees.
So, number of politicians should be at least 5, so the number of bureaucrats should be 10.
CAT DI LR 2018 Slot 1
Now, 3K + 5y = 14. 5y can be 5 or 10. It cannot be 10 as 3K cannot be 4.
So, we know that 3K should be 9 and 5K should be 5.
CAT DI LR 2018 Slot 1
Number of Educationalists in Research is the average of the three numbers in educationalists. So, the number of educationalists in Research is 3.
Number of educationalists in Teaching and Admin are either 2, 4 or 1, 5.
CAT DI LR 2018 Slot 1
With this, we are done with the whole grid. Now, let us move to the questions.
From the table, we can see that the number of educationalists in the research committee 3.

The question is "What is the number of educationalists in the research committee? [TITA]"

Hence, the answer is 3

 

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