# CAT 2021 Question Paper | Quant Slot 3

###### CAT Previous Year Paper | CAT Quant Questions | Question 10

CAT 2021 Quant was dominated by Arithmetic followed by Algebra. In Arithmetic, the questions were dominated by topics like Speed-time-distance, Mixture and Alligations. This year, there was a surprise. The questions from Geometry were relatively on the lower side as compared to the previous years. There were 8 TITA Qs this year. Overall this section was at a medium level of difficulty.

Question 10 : The total of male and female populations in a city increased by 25% from 1970 to 1980. During the same period, the male population increased by 40% while the female population increased by 20%. From 1980 to 1990, the female population increased by 25%. In 1990, if the female population is twice the male population, then the percentage increase in the total of male and female populations in the city from 1970 to 1990 is

1. 68.75
2. 68.50
3. 68.25
4. 69.25

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From 1970 to 1980,
the male population increased by 40%
the female population increased by 20%
the overall population increased by 25%

1.4M + 1.2F = 1.25(M + F)
1.4M + 1.2F = 1.25M + 1.25F
1.4M - 1.25M = 1.25F - 1.2F
0.15M = 0.05F
F = 3M
From 1980 to 1990,
Female population increased by 25%
Therefore, the female population in 1990 = 1.25 × 1.2F = 1.5F
Since, the female population in 1990 is twice the male population,
Male population in 1990 = 1.5F ÷ 2 = 0.75F
Since F = 3M,
Male population in 1990 = 2.25M
Total population in 1970 = M + F = M + 3M = 4M
Total population in 1990 = 2.25M + 1.5F = 2.25M + 4.5M = 6.75M
The percentage increase in population = $$frac { 6.75 M - 4 M } { 4 M } $times 100$ = $\frac { 2.75 } { 4 } \times 100$ = 68.75% ##### The answer is '68.75' Choice A is the correct answer. ###### Best CAT Online Coaching Try upto 40 hours for free Learn from the best! ###### Prepare for CAT 2024 with 2IIM's Daily Preparation Schedule ###### Know all about CAT Exam Syllabus and what to expect in CAT ###### Already have an Account? ###### Best CAT Coaching in Chennai Attend a Demo Class ###### Best Indore IPM & Rohtak IPM CoachingSignup and sample 9 full classes for free. Register now! ## CAT Questions | CAT Quantitative Aptitude ## CAT Questions | Verbal Ability for CAT ##### Where is 2IIM located? 2IIM Online CAT Coaching A Fermat Education Initiative, 58/16, Indira Gandhi Street, Kaveri Rangan Nagar, Saligramam, Chennai 600 093 ##### How to reach 2IIM? Mobile:$91$ 99626 48484 / 94459 38484
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