XAT 2019 Question Paper | Verbal Ability and Logical Reasoning

XAT Previous Year Paper | XAT VALR Questions | Question 26

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Question 26 : Study the text given below and answer the question that follows it:

Dense, dirty air laced with grease best describes the atmosphere of most Lagos streets. Drive from one corner of this great west African city to another and in no time you will find surfaces lightly dusted, like a soft sprinkling of icing on cakes. Under the half-moons of fingernails, thick grime settles. It’s a scene taken as typically African: polluted, bedraggled, unhealthy. This has only ever been made possible by the exploitation of Africa’s people. This week five west African countries, Nigeria included, announced plans to end the practice of European oil companies and traders exporting “African quality” diesel. “Dirty fuel” has earned the name because it is imported diesel with sulphur levels as high as 3,000 parts per million when the European maximum is 10ppm. To be clear, “African quality” fuel, is fuel not fit for European humans.

Which of the options is not necessarily the underlying assumption of the author in the paragraph above?

  1. European oil companies dump their fuel on African countries.
  2. Economic exploitation, until challenged runs smoothly.
  3. Racism makes it easy for Europeans to justify the exploitation of inferior races.
  4. Typically, African cities today are not fit for human habitation.
  5. African nations had accepted ‘dirty fuel’ as the norm.

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Explanatory Answer

A. European oil companies dump their fuel on African countries. – We can assume this from the line “Dirty fuel has earned the name because it is imported diesel…”.
B. Economic exploitation, until challenged runs smoothly. – We can also assume this from the line “This has only ever been made possible by the exploitation of Africa’s people”
C. Racism makes it easy for Europeans to justify the exploitation of inferior races. – There is no mention about racism in the passage and hence cannot be assumed. This is the correct option.
D. Typically, African cities today are not fit for human habitation. – This can be assumed from the line “It’s a scene taken as typically African: polluted, bedraggled, unhealthy”
E. African nations had accepted ‘dirty fuel’ as the norm. – This can be assumed from the line ““Dirty fuel” has earned the name…”


Choice C is the correct answer.

 

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