XAT 2019 Question Paper | Verbal Ability and Logical Reasoning

XAT Previous Year Paper | XAT VALR Questions | Question 5

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Question 5 : Read the following statements and answer the question that follows:

1. They subjected the residues from sherds of the rhyta- vessels to radiocarbon dating to determine their ages and chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) - to identify their structure and isotopic composition and found that the vessels were used to store cheese.
2. In many Neolithic sites near the Adriatic Sea, researchers unearthed cone-shaped clay vessels, known as rhyta, with four legs on the bottom and a round opening on the side.
3. Fresh milk couldn’t be kept for long without going bad; cheese, on the other hand, could be stored for months at a time, providing much-needed calories to early farmers between harvests.
4. Archaeologists who used to assume animals such as cows and goats were mainly used for meat early in their domestication history are thus forced to admit that humans might have been using animals for dairy quite early in their domestication history.
5. “If you kill one cow, you eat meat for about a week until it goes off; but by milking the animals, the farmer would be spreading the food gain from that animal over several months rather than just one week”

Rank the above five statements so as to make it a logical sequence:

  1. 2,1,5,4,3
  2. 4,5,2,1,3
  3. 4,2,1,3,5
  4. 2,1,3,5,4
  5. 4,1,2,5,3

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Explanatory Answer

Statement 2 talks about researchers finding clay vessels called as rhyta and statement 1 talks about subjecting this vessel to radiocarbon dating and finding that it was used to store cheese. So statement 2 and 1 are consecutive.
Now that we have introduced cheese, statement 3 talking about why cheese is stored in these vessels is the best follow sentence to statement 1. So the order now is 2,1,3.
Statement 4 is a closing sentence, as it would conclude the passage well. So it must be the last sentence in the sequence. Hence the correct order of sentences is 2,1,3,5,4

Choice D is the correct answer.


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