CAT 2019 VARC section was a true nightmare. It was the most taxing section of the three. With some of its questions requiring critical reasoning, demanded even the avid of the readers to read and reread the passages before landing on an answer. We've tried our best to present these actual questions from CAT 2019 VARC section in their least intimidating from (at least in the font), with detailed solutions in a student friendly format to test yourself and understand the importance of reading for VARC section of the CAT exam. For a curated reading list head out here: Bharath’s Reading List. If you are planning to take CAT 2019 paper as a full fledged mock, it would help if you go back to : CAT Question Bank and solve questions that are not from actual CAT Question papers.
The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.
Question 30 : Social movement organizations often struggle to mobilize supporters from allied movements in their efforts to achieve critical mass. Organizations with hybrid identities—those whose organizational identities span the boundaries of two or more social movements, issues, or identities—are vital to mobilizing these constituencies. Studies of the post-9/11 U.S. antiwar movement show that individuals with past involvement in non-anti-war movements are more likely to join hybrid organizations than are individuals without involvement in non-anti-war movements. In addition, they show that organizations with hybrid identities occupy relatively more central positions in inter-organizational contact networks within the antiwar movement and thus recruit significantly more participants in demonstrations than do nonhybrid organizations.
The main idea of the paragraph is that hybrid organizations are more powerful and have higher ability to achieve critical mass as individuals with past involvement in other movements are more likely to join hybrid organizations. Option 4 captures the key ideas of the paragraph best.
Note here that though the paragraph cities the example of studies of the post-9/11 U.S. anti-war movement, this is not the focus of the passage. The example simply illustrates the idea that individuals with different points of view are more likely to join hybrid organisations.
Choice D is the correct answer.
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