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CAT Previous Year Paper | CAT VARC Questions | Question 30

Here's a question that appeared in the CAT previous year paper In this question, you are asked to find the essence of the passage. These types of questions are fairly doable given thatyou have a good command of the English language. For more such interesting questions, dive into CAT Question Bank and ace your CAT online preparation.


The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

Question 30 : Social movement organizations often struggle to mobilize supporters from allied movements in their efforts to achieve critical mass. Organizations with hybrid identities—those whose organizational identities span the boundaries of two or more social movements, issues, or identities—are vital to mobilizing these constituencies. Studies of the post-9/11 U.S. antiwar movement show that individuals with past involvement in non-anti-war movements are more likely to join hybrid organizations than are individuals without involvement in non-anti-war movements. In addition, they show that organizations with hybrid identities occupy relatively more central positions in inter-organizational contact networks within the antiwar movement and thus recruit significantly more participants in demonstrations than do nonhybrid organizations.

  1. Post 9/11 studies show that people who are involved in non anti-war movements are likely to join hybrid organizations.
  2. Hybrid organizations attract individuals that are deeply involved in anti-war movements.
  3. Movements that work towards social change often find it difficult to mobilize a critical mass of supporters.
  4. Organizations with hybrid identities are able to mobilize individuals with different points of view.

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Explanatory Answer

The main idea of the paragraph is that hybrid organizations are more powerful and have higher ability to achieve critical mass as individuals with past involvement in other movements are more likely to join hybrid organizations. Option 4 captures the key ideas of the paragraph best.

Note here that though the paragraph cities the example of studies of the post-9/11 U.S. anti-war movement, this is not the focus of the passage. The example simply illustrates the idea that individuals with different points of view are more likely to join hybrid organisations.


Choice D is the correct answer.

 

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