CAT 2018 Question Paper | Quants Slot 2

CAT Previous Year Paper | CAT Speed Time Distance Questions | Question 1

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Question 1 :Points A, P, Q and B lie on the same line such that P, Q and B are, respectively, 100 km, 200 km and 300 km away from A. Cars 1 and 2 leave A at the same time and move towards B. Simultaneously, car 3 leaves B and moves towards A. Car 3 meets Car 1 at Q, and Car 2 at P. If each car is moving in uniform speed then the ratio of the speed of Car 2 to that of Car 1 is

  1. 1 : 4
  2. 2 : 9
  3. 1 : 2
  4. 2 : 7

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Explanatory Answer

Method of solving this CAT Question from Speed Time Distance
CAT 2018 Question Paper Quants Slot 2 Speed Time Distance

It is given that points A, P, Q and B lie on the same line such that P, Q and B are 100 km, 200 km and 300 km away from A. Let us draw the diagram first. All of them are on the same straight line and P, Q lie between A and B.
Cars 1 and Cars 2 leave A at the same time and move towards B. Simultaneously, Car 3 leaves B and moves towards A. Let us add more details to the diagram. C1 and C2 move towards B and C3 moves towards A. C3 meets C1 at Q and C3 meets C2 at P.

CAT 2018 Question Paper Quants Slot 2 Speed Time Distance

Let us assume the speeds of Car 1, 2, and 3 to be C1, C2 and C3 respectively. Car 1 is travelling quicker than Car 2. When Car 1 travels 200 km to reach Q, Car 3 has travelled 100 km or ratio of their speeds, C1 : C3 is 2 : 1.C1 and C2 move towards B and C3 moves towards A. C3 meets C1 at Q and C3 meets C2 at P.
Let us assume the speeds of Car 1, 2, and 3 to be C1, C2 and C3 respectively.When Car 3 travels 200 km to reach P, Car 2 has travelled 100 km or ratio of their speeds, C3 : C2 is 2 : 1. Now we have all the ratios. We know that C1 : C3 is 2 : 1 and C3 : C2 is 2 : 1. We can see that C3 is the common link

CAT 2018 Question Paper Quants Slot 2 Speed Time Distance
So, taking LCM of C3, we get,
CAT 2018 Question Paper Quants Slot 2 Speed Time Distance
We can see that ratio of speeds of Car 2 to Car 1 is 1 : 4. Hence, C2 : C1 = 1 : 4

The question is "Points A, P, Q and B lie on the same line such that P, Q and B are, respectively, 100 km, 200 km and 300 km away from A. Cars 1 and 2 leave A at the same time and move towards B. Simultaneously, car 3 leaves B and moves towards A. Car 3 meets Car 1 at Q, and Car 2 at P. If each car is moving in uniform speed then the ratio of the speed of Car 2 to that of Car 1 is"

Hence, the answer is 1 : 4

Choice A is the correct answer.

 

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